How Children  Learn

Have you ever stopped to think about how a child’s brain works?

It may look like your child is just sitting there doing nothing, but in reality, the brain is a hum of activity.

Our brains never stop firing, whether the child is awake or asleep.

Children are constantly learning. As science has continued to progress, there have been many theories about what it means to learn.

Here are five of the most importance theories of how children learn.


Behaviorists believe that learning is shaped through reinforcement and punishment. Reinforcement (either positive or negative) encourages a behavior to recur, while punishment discourages the behavior.


The basis for this theory focuses on cognition, problem solving and language acquisition.


This learning theory suggests that, rather than being an empty vessel or blank slate, children actively construct knowledge through social interaction.

Schema Theory

Schema theory explains that all knowledge is organized into units within the brain and these units are called schemas.

Multiple Intelligences

This theory challenges the notion of IQ – a single number that tells how ‘smart’ someone is.

Bottom Line–Children learn through play

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